Ayurveda as a science was evolved for upliftment of all aspects of human life. Ayurveda defines health as the greatest wealth a human can possess and describes principles and factors responsible for its maintenance and promotion.This science describes principles for treatment of diseases, causes by imbalance of Tridoshas (vat, pitta, kapha) in various aspects. Such as etiological factors, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diet, drugs etc. ayurveda also describes methods and means for maintaining balance of tridosha for prevention of diseases as well as to improve the quality and strength of body and mind.
According to Ayurveda, everyone is born with a genetically determined, basic constitution. These constitutional types are expressions of the five elements that describe the qualities of energy as it is displayed in the universe. They are ether (space), air, fire, water, and earth. These five elements form three basic constitutions in the human body known as vata (ether and air), pitta (fire and water), kapha (water and earth). Identifying your constitutional type ( dosha ) helps to establish your guidelines for healty living. Everyone is combination of all three types with one or two being dominate. It remains the same from birth. The goal is to work with the basic constitutions to balance to five elements. Imbalance, according to Ayurveda, is what causes discomfort, disease and premature ageing.
Vata controls movement in the body.
Vata people are what we might call “airy” people and they can be unpredictable. They are creative, active, alert, and restless. They move about quickly, speak quickly, and do things quickly. They also tire quickly.
Physically, they are usually small-boned with thin, under-developed frames. They may be underweight. Veins and muscles are visible, and their hair and skin tend to be dry. Their fingernails are rough and brittle. There is a tendency to perspire less than other types. Vata people sleep lightly, and their hands and feet are often cold. They usually prefer foods that are sweet, sour and salty.
Psychologically, vata types tend to hold fear and are over-stressed and nervous. Such people may be emotionally unstable. They have a short memory but are quick to understanding a situation. They tend to be impatient and lack as sertiveness and confidence.
Vata skin is pale, cool, and often dehydrated, with a “cracked” appearance due to the “dry” aspect of the Vata nature. Often there are circles under the eyes, premature wrinkling, and a tendency towards moles.
Pitta controls metabolism and digestion in the body.
Pitta people have a “fiery” nature with average strength and endurance. They are very intelligent, with good powers of concentration and ability to speak in public. They are witty and outspoken but may be argumentative.
Physically, they are of moderate weight, height, and muscle development. There is a tendency to perspire heavily, and the hands and feet are warm. The hair is thin and silky with a tendency towards premature graying and balding. The fingernails are soft. Pitta people have a strong metabolism and appetite with good digestion. They usually like foods are sweet, bitter, and astringent. They sleep well for a moderate amount of time. They do not tolerate sunlight or heat well.
Psychologically, pitta types are ambitious and like to be leaders. They tend to feel anger, hate, frustration, and jealousy more than the other types.
The pitta skin is soft, reddish, yellowish, or fair. It can be sensitive and dehydrated. There is a tendency toward broken capillaries, rashes, itching, eruptions, allergic reactions, and freckles. There is less of a tendency to wrinkling than for Vata.
The kapha person is generally healthy, happy, and peaceful. They are our relaxed, “earty” folks. This type tends to have a thick frame, well-developed bodies and may have a tendency to be overweight. They have great strength, endurance and stamina. Kapha people speak slower and move slower than average. Their hair is thick, soft, and often wavy. They have a regular appetite and digest slowly. They may prefer foods that are pungent, bitter, and astringent. They perspire moderately and sleep well for extended periods.
Psychologically, kapha people tend to be affectionate, tolerant, calm, forgiving, and loving. However, they also have a tendency towards greed, envy, and possessiveness. They can be slow to understand things but once they do, the information is retained well.
The kapha skin is lustrous due to a high oil content but has a tendency toward blemish problems. It has a soft, pale, and cool quality to it.
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